{ claus.conrad }



[FOSS](…/Open source/) operating system kernel

See also


  • GParted

    GParted is a free partition editor for graphically managing your disk partitions.

  • freedesktop.org - specifications (previously “XDG”)


Mounting external NTFS disk R/W under Linux

After following the instructions here to mount an external disk with NTFS read/write on Debian and failing (after adding to /etc/fstab and rebooting, the disk was still being mounted read-only): https://wiki.debian.org/NTFS

According to this StackExchange entry, the disk had first to be mounted on Windows and the “write caching” disabled: https://unix.stackexchange.com/questions/436712/write-access-to-ntfs-drives

Add user to secondary group

For example, to add the user geek to the group sudo , use the following command:

usermod -a -G sudo geek

Source: How-To Geek

Show disks/partitions (incl. unmounted)


Source: 6 Different Ways to List Hard Drives in Linux

Wake up computer at a specified time

The rtcwake command requires root permissions, so it must be run with sudo on Ubuntu and other Ubuntu-derived distributions. On Linux distributions that don’t use sudo, you’ll have to log in as root with the su command first.

Here’s the basic syntax of the command:

sudo rtcwake -m [type of suspend] -s [number of seconds]

For example, the following command suspends your system to disk (hibernates it) and wakes it up 60 seconds later:

sudo rtcwake -m disk -s 60

The -m switch accepts the following types of suspend:

standby – Standby offers little power savings, but restoring to a running system is very quick. This is the default mode if you omit the -m switch.

mem – Suspend to RAM. This offers significant power savings – everything is put into a low-power state, except your RAM. The contents of your memory are preserved.

disk – Suspend to disk. The contents of your memory are written to disk and your computer is powered off. The computer will turn on and its state will be restored when the timer completes.

off – Turn the computer off completely. rtcwake’s man page notes that restoring from “off” isn’t officially supported by the ACPI specification, but this works with many computers anyway.

no – Don’t suspend the computer immediately, just set the wakeup time. For example, you could tell your computer to wake up at 6am. After that, can put it to sleep manually at 11pm or 1am – either way, it will wake up at 6am.

Seconds vs. Specific Time

The -s option takes a number of seconds in the future. For example, -s 60 wakes your computer up in 60 seconds, while -s 3600 wakes your computer up in an hour.

The -t option allows you to wake your computer up at a specific time. This switch wants a number of seconds since the Unix epoch (00:00:00 UTC on January 1, 1970). To easily provide the correct number of seconds, combine the date command with the rtcwake command.

The -l switch tells rtcwake that the hardware clock is set to local time, while the -u switch tells rtcwake that the hardware clock (in your computer’s BIOS) is set to UTC time. Linux distributions often set your hardware clock to UTC time and translate that to your local time.

For example, to have your computer wake up at 6:30am tomorrow but not suspend immediately (assuming your hardware clock is set to local time), run the following command:

sudo rtcwake -m no -l -t $(date +%s -d ‘tomorrow 06:30’)

Source: How to Make Your Linux PC Wake From Sleep Automatically

Avoid “^[[200~” when pasting into the terminal

  • This happens when one accidentally types Ctrl+V before typing the correct combination, Ctrl+Shift+V.
  • To prevent this, enter the following line into ~/.inputrc, creating that file if necessary:
    "\C-v": ""
  • Source

Why do I have to type ~, ` and other special characters twice?

  • Switch to the “no dead keys” variant of your international keyboard.
  • Source

Fix “manpath: can’t set the locale; make sure $LC_* and $LANG are correct”

  • Edit /etc/locale.gen as root and remove the hashtag before the desired language
  • Run sudo locale-gen
  • Source

Find out whether the laptop is on AC power, from the CLI

cat /sys/class/power_supply/**/online
  • A value of 1 means “on AC power”, 0 means “on battery”

How to enable fingerprint scanner support

Cannot select text with Ctrl+Shiftin some apps

  • Switching keyboard layout from “Danish” to “Danish (Windows)” fixed this for me.